In 2004 Fondazione Cariplo created the Fondazione Housing Sociale (FHS), a foundation dedicated to the development and experimentation of innovative solutions for structuring, financing, constructing and managing social housing initiatives that are economically sustainable and not dependent on grants.
FHS works on the strong philosophy that social housing is not simply about the provision of a place to live but rather about a way of living, in which multiple services are available and a community is built.
Currently there are 27 approved local funds spread throughout Italy and there are approximately 220 projects, 14,800 dwellings and 6,500 beds in temporary or student residences. The fund has in its sights the construction total of about 20,000 apartments.
The Transition to Adulthood (T2A) programme is a 10-year initiative of the Barrow Cadbury Trust, focused on improving the prospects of young adults at all stages of the criminal justice system.
Since 2008, nearly £10m has been invested in policy, research and demonstration projects focused on young adults. Through the T2A programme more than 40 reports have been produced relating to young adults and crime. These include practical resources that have been tried and tested on the ground, such as how probation officers can take account of maturity as well as age in decision-making and how police officers can meet the needs of distinct groups of young adults such as women, young Muslims and care leavers. The work is promoted by a coalition of 14 leading charities, under the banner of the T2A Alliance, all of whom provide expertise and a powerful collective voice to advocate for policy and service reform.
Fondazione di Venezia’s project, addressing the needs of financial inclusion and social integration, helped provide microcredit to non-EU women with a valid residency permit and living in the Province of Venice. Not considered bankable by the conventional credit system, the project supported women who either wanted to start a business or access individual professional growth opportunities such as participation in professional or vocational courses.
From 2005 to 2010, 28 projects were supported equalling a total value of €225,774 in approved loans.
The loan sizes were of minimum: €2,000 for developing economic activities, €1,000 for employability projects and maximum: €20,000 for individuals (individual enterprises and self-employment) €35,000 for groups (companies).
It is not about gastronomy, ‘Guess Who’s Coming to Dinner?’ is about creating relationships. The project was launched during the 2011 edition of the International Festival of Folk Oral Culture with a communal dinner involving over 100 people around one table in Piazza Carlo Alberto in the heart of Turin, the dinner itself prepared by the migrant families who participate in the project.
By hosting special dinners, migrant families open up themselves and their homes to people outside their immediate social circles. Eating and conversing over dinner helps break down walls of suspicion built by ignorance and fear of different cultures. At the dinner table, they talk about children, school, work, cinema, music and discover that they are not so different after all.
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‘Guess Who’s Coming to Dinner?’ events are taking place in Turin, Carmagnola, Alessandria, Prato, Grosseto and Gavorrano, Verona, Vicenza, Roma and Barcelona in Spain.
Fondation de France’s ‘Dynamique Territoriales’ programme aims to help people in need by supporting the emergence of projects in six specific areas in France with social difficulties. Its aim is to improve the inhabitants’ daily life and to promote co-operation amongst local actors to take on mutual challenges in their areas together.
Every programme is developed by the different actors and the residents from the area and, as a team, they work together to implement the project from A to Z. Meetings with inhabitants are held to identify ideas and projects to improve local life. The interaction, training and working together to transform their ideas into real projects in the areas where support is really required has the positive effect of creating bonds and developing new forms of solidarity.
Since the launch of ‘Dynamique Territoriales’ in 2014, 358 initiatives have been identified, 58 ideas have been assisted and 82 projects have been supported by over €1m in financial contributions.
The VELUX Foundations’ ‘Prepare Yourself’ project tests and develops initiatives in order to prevent social polarisation and mental vulnerability and problems among marginalised youth. Young people will be equipped with tools, which will enable them to take responsibility for their own well-being to a greater extent. The project will deal with empowerment, initiative, self-awareness and the realization of own qualities, boundaries and resources, all critical elements for enhancing opportunities and creating a better life. Participants will, among other things, be given guidance and assistance with respect to finding a place to live, applying for jobs, shopping for food and clothes as well as support in solving personal problems such as low self-esteem, anxiety, minor eating disorders, sorrow or family conflicts.
In 2009, the Finnish Cultural Foundation commissioned an independent enquiry into the state of language teaching for immigrants. The report revealed a number of shortcomings in the existing system.
The ensuing plan for the improvement of integration training was implemented in a large pilot project covering the entire country from 2010 to 2013. The cost, around €9m, was covered by two foundations and three ministries together. The project was meant to provide a basis for remodelling all public integration education in Finland.
Perhaps naively, the Finnish Cultural Foundation believed that the promised remodelling would take place without any further encouragement. In autumn 2015, when the number of immigrants surged, it turned out that very little had actually happened. In 2016, the plans are finally being put into use.
The foundation has also supported a highly efficient network of women volunteers offering tuition in literacy and Finnish to immigrant women.
The online resource centre, uchodzcy.info, has been developed by the Stefan Batory Foundation in partnership with the Chlebem i Solą Initiative within the Citizens for Democracy Programme, financed by EEA Grants.
The resource centre was launched as an answer to misconceptions about the migration crisis in Europe, xenophobic fears and negative stereotypes about people from different ethnic backgrounds. The centre serves three purposes: to provide information about refugees; to dismantle myths and stereotypes about them; and to inform visitors about initiatives regarding refugees (such as fundraisers or cultural initiatives) and possible ways to get involved.
The ‘Build the City’ publication highlights how people are changing their cities. The European Cultural Foundation is supporting citizens and governments who are collaborating in solving urban challenges. They are changing cities and legislation through co-design practices. Culture is a key factor in these processes by motivating people and encouraging equality which is essential in increasingly diverse communities.
A network of co-designers was established to improve urban co-governance and reinforce the need to include culture and citizen participation in the EU Urban Agenda. The evidence shows that these practices positively impact on urban sustainability such as creating affordable housing, highlighting air quality issues and renewing public creative areas. The European Cultural Foundation, alongside communities, will continue to work for co-governed cities to increase cultural, diverse and flexible social living spaces.
The migrant crisis in Europe is already a highly debated issue, but the Open Estonia Foundation, a group of Estonian politicians and other experts realised that what was missing in the debate was the wider context. Moreover, the lack of such context – and dialogue – with views from different levels of society, had left a vacuum for populism and fear-mongering. The Open Estonia Foundation joined a pan-European initiative called U-Impact and organised a lively debate to discuss the European refugee crisis, its possible scenarios and how citizens could voice their opinions in finding solutions.
The event was broadcast live in Estonia and abroad, with many international NGOs calling in to the meeting to share their experiences and opinions working on the crisis.